Farm CPA Today!

A blog for farmers & others involved in the agricultural industry.

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A Deduction of Zero is Still Zero

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September 5th, 2014

We had a reader ask the following questions: “We expense all costs to raise the cattle: vet, supplies, etc. We grow our own feed and expense those costs: seed, fertilizer, etc. We have our farm set up as a LLC. Can we deduct a loss for calf deaths?” Ranchers who raise their own stock, such […]

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Partner Must Have Basis to Deduct Loss

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September 4th, 2014

In an US Tax Court case that was released yesterday, partners were found not to have tax basis in promissory notes that they “contributed” to the partnership.  Farmers will create partnerships to run their operation and since farm tax law allows farm businesses to usually generate a small profit or even a loss; partners must […]

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Livestock Producers Urged to Enroll in Disaster Assistance Program by Oct. 1

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September 3rd, 2014

The USDA is encouraging livestock producers who have suffered grazing losses due to drought or fire between October 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014 to register, request an appointment or begin a Livestock Forage Disaster Program (LFP) application with their county FSA office before October 1, 2014 as the Budget Control Act passed by congress […]

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FSA Grants Date Extension on Filing Farm Structure Changes

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September 2nd, 2014

The FSA just announced that the deadline to finalize your 2014 farm structure for all programs has been extended to September 26, 2014.  Future 2014 Farm Bill Programs will look at the 2014 farm structure for eligibility and other requirements, so any changes or updates must be in place by this new deadline to be […]

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Enrollment for Dairy Margin Management Program Begins September 2

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August 28th, 2014

The USDA announced today that the new Dairy Margin Management Program (MPP) will be open for enrollment starting next Tuesday, September 2, 2014.  Enrollment will end November 28, 2014 and dairy farmers will be able to retroactively enroll back to September 1 for 2014 and enroll for all of 2015.  The elections are separate for 2014 […]

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IRS Releases 2012 Income Data

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August 28th, 2014

The IRS recently posted to their website the income statistics for 2012.  These statistics break down income into their major components such as wages, interest, business income, etc.  Farmers who file Schedule F are also listed.  Farmers who file as a partnership or S corporation along with related wages would be lumped in with those […]

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How $563 Cost a Taxpayer $6,320

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August 26th, 2014

In an US Tax Court case released today, a taxpayer (who was not a farmer thankfully) had a very small issue with the IRS.  The couple earned well in excess of $200,000 during 2009 and deducted $11,000 for an IRA for him and his spouse.  Since the spouse was covered by a pension plan, this […]

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Trends in Crop Revenues

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August 26th, 2014

The USDA released updated estimates of net farm income for 2014 today and I thought I would reproduce the chart of estimated crop revenues from 2010 to 2014 below: As you can see, 2012 was the high-water mark for almost all crops over the last five years (2014 is an estimate).  Only fruits and vegetables had […]

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Watch Out for Timing of Hedging Loss

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August 26th, 2014

I hesitate to write this post since I know that most of our farmers who hedge (including their tax advisors) may be technically reporting their hedging loss in the wrong year.  In most cases this will not be true, but there are cases where it may happen and if an IRS auditor who knows hedge […]

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How to Sell Your Land and Pay No Tax – MAYBE

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August 25th, 2014

I had a reader ask me questions regarding the taxation of an installment sale of farmland.  I helped him out and thought it would be a good idea to do another post on how you may be able to sell farm land (or other capital gain assets) in certain situations and pay no federal income […]

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